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According to the Southwest Florida Water Management District, or SWFWMD, “Tampa Bay is divided into seven major bay segments. The Old Tampa Bay watershed is about 250-square miles and encompasses northwest Hillsborough and central Pinellas counties.”1 “Largo, Florida is centrally located in Pinellas County, touching the Intercoastal Waterway to the southwest and Tampa Bay to the northeast. Largo began as a rural farming community and became the third largest city in Florida’s most densely populated county; and the 4th largest city in the Tampa Bay Area.”2

Figure A: Map of Old Tampa Bay Segments



“Over the last 50 years the land has transitioned from natural habitat to primarily urban development, negatively impacting the water that ultimately reaches Old Tampa Bay.”1 [See Figure A: Map of Old Tampa Bay Segments] Wetlands, mangroves, and open porous land that have historically provided Pinellas County’s waterways with natural filtration have declined rapidly. Surfaces that are impervious to rain and stormwater infiltration (or absorption) now blanket green areas and begin to contribute to “source points” of waterway pollution.

Floridians have already seen signs of escalating concern, as issues begin to compound and negatively affect the health of their local environment, wildlife, and tourism. The most obvious signs are large-scale algae blooms caused by rising shoreline nutrient concentrations (predominantly nitrogen and phosphorus). “Recent studies and recurring algae blooms in the upper portions of Tampa Bay over the last few years have indicated the need for a localized assessment…The Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) and the Tampa Bay Estuary Program developed a program to determine the primary factors leading to the declining water quality and habitat conditions observed in Old Tampa Bay.”1

According to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, “Stormwater runoff picks up pollutants like trash, chemicals, oils, and dirt/sediment that can harm our rivers, streams and lakes. To protect these resources, municipalities, construction and industries activities (and others) use stormwater controls, known as Best Management Practices (BMPs), to manage their runoff. The implementation of these practices, which include BMP design, performance and adaptive management requirements, prevent pollution by controlling it at its source.”3


Figure B: Orange Blossom Development, Drainage Plan

The Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) is “actively involved in maintaining and improving the water quality within its boundaries.”4 The SWFWMD plays a massive managerial role in approving the implementation of stormwater treatment systems to mitigate point source pollution as part of the program now in place in Pinellas county. Some of these systems include proven BMPs and efficient stormwater systems that have successfully saved thousands of watersheds throughout the country and are now being deployed in Florida’s coastal communities.

One notable development in this expanding part of Florida is the Orange Blossom Townhome project in Largo. Set to install 55,601 cu. ft. of impervious surface, the site’s design involved drainage systems that would divert sheet flows collecting hazardous nitrogen and phosphorus pollutants away from two wetland conservation areas and toward two manmade stormwater ponds [See Figure B: Orange Blossom Development, Drainage Plan].


Water from these ponds would eventually flow into the downstream “Wetland Conservation Area 1” or retention pond, but not before a reliable and effective pretreatment BMP treated the polluted water. The SWFWMD required the site’s pretreatment device to remove 76% nitrogen and 67% phosphorus prior to discharging into a wetland conservation pond and required a draindown time of 36 hours (before 36 hours, the stormwater system must have no remaining standing water).


“Wetlands are Florida’s original stormwater systems and once covered more than half the state. Unfortunately, because people once misunderstood the true value of wetlands, more than one-half of our original wetlands have been drained for agriculture or filled for roads, housing developments and industrial complexes.”5

Modular Wetlands® Linear Installation, Orange Blossom Development

Bio Clean understands the loss of this natural resource and has spent years returning this valuable part of nature’s cleaning system back to the environment – and now Florida’s coastal communities – through an innovative and cost-effective technology called the Modular Wetlands Linear. The Modular Wetlands is a biofiltration system that utilizes horizontal flow to accomplish a number of unique superior conveniences that benefit the environment and land owners (or developers) looking for cost-effective advantages. Florida’s Old Tampa Bay will see long-term benefits from the system’s proven ability to remove 76% of the nitrogen and 67% of the phosphorus present in this residential development’s stormwater runoff.
The Modular Wetlands holds a number of unique beneficial advantages that are crucial to Florida’s fight against high coastal nutrient levels. The system has multiple stages of treatment that give it superior capacities and maintenance efficiencies. When it comes time to clean the system out, trapped pollutants have been compartmentalized in an easy-to-access pretreatment chamber which are cleaned with a typical vacuum truck. The horizontal flow design allows the system to efficiently provide the same treatment as other systems with an even smaller footprint. So, while land owners and managers enjoy long-term low maintenance costs, developers benefit from low excavation and construction costs.

Additionally, during extreme rain events, water volumes can increase abnormally, causing some other systems (typical downward flow systems) to fail as they get overwhelmed. As they fail, they release pollutants they’ve already collected into downstream rivers, tributaries, and the bay. In the Modular Wetlands this hazard is avoidable. Horizontal flow allows for internal high-flow bypass (Modular Wetlands Linear Side-by-Side Orientation design), placing the pretreatment and discharge chambers adjacent to one another. This design allows high flows to bypass the main biofiltration chamber internally, keeping previously collected pollutants trapped – a powerful pollution safeguard in heavy rain-states like Florida and the rest of the southeast.

Wetlands will always be a vital part of Florida’s stormwater treatment, and Bio Clean’s Modular Wetlands Linear will continue to contribute and provide communities with a confident solution to continually protect Florida’s shorelines, environmental health, and beauty.

  1. Southwest Florida Management District (SWFWMD) Website:
  2. Wikipedia Website: Largo, Florida:,_Florida
  3. Florida Department of Environmental Protection Website:
  4. Southwest Florida Management District (SWFWMD) Website:
  5. Southwest Florida Management District (SWFWMD) Website: Stormwater Systems in Your Neighborhood, Maintaining Landscaping and Improving


The Modular Wetlands Linear Advantages

The Modular Wetlands Linear is the most efficient and versatile biofiltration system on the market, and the only stormwater biofilter using horizontal flow which improves performance, reduces footprint, and minimizes maintenance.



  • Washington State’s Department of Ecology (DOE) Technology Assessment Protocol – Ecology (TAPE) with General Use Level Designation (GULD) Approval Without Plants: With or without plants (open planter or sealed), the system maintains superior performance in any design configuration.
  • Can Accept Existing Pipe Below Surface: Piping into the system opens up numerous configuration and design options, like downstream use or diverting for retrofits.
  • Works Months Without Requiring Maintenance: The easily accessible pretreatment chamber traps and isolates trash, sediments, and hydrocarbons. A unique feature, proven to keep maintenance frequencies & costs at industry-leading lows.
  • Can Accommodate High Flow Internal Bypass: The Side-By-Side Orientation option allows abnormal high flows to bypass from pretreatment directly to the discharge chamber.
  • Design Flexibility & Safety: Space-saving design provides low excavation and installation costs, plus there is no dangerous depressed planter bed.